Built in 1940 to house Polish political prisoners who could no longer be moved to prisons, Auschwitz was the original concentration camp and administrative center of the complex that was subsequently built.
Located in Oświęcim about 43 km west of Krakow, it was the largest extermination camp in the history of Nazism. Experts estimate that about one million three hundred thousand people were sent there, of which one million one hundred thousand died, the great majority of them being Jews (90%, or approximately one million).
Drones have become eerily popular in the last couple of years. Now, many media outlets are using drones to capture never before seen video of historically important places. This chilling drone video was captured by the BBC and shows the extent of the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp as it is today—over 70 years after being liberated by Soviet soldiers.
Thousands of tourist visit the site—declared a World Heritage Site. Auschwitz was one of the largest and deadliest concentration camps ever established on Earth, operated by Nazi German during the Second World War.
Between 1950—when it was built—and 1945, over a million people were murdered there.
There were three main fields and 39 subaltern fields. The three main fields were:
Auschwitz I, the original concentration camp that served as an administrative center for the whole complex. Nearly 70,000 Polish intellectuals and Soviet prisoners of war died in this camp.
Auschwitz II (Birkenau), an extermination camp and the place where most of the more than one million victims died. This is the section where The Nazis held women.
Auschwitz III (Buna – Monowitz), used as a slave labor camp for the IG Farben company.
After the war, the Russians detained most of the personnel from the Auschwitz concentration camp.
These were tried by the Russian authorities or handed over to the Polish courts.
The chief of the camp’s operations, SS Obersturmbannführer Rudolf Höss, was captured by the British and sent to Poland, where he was tried for his crimes against humanity, not without first being a witness against Ernst Kaltenbrunner at the Nuremberg Trial. Höss was sentenced to death and hanged on 16 April 1947 at the premises of Auschwitz.
Between November 24 and December 22, 1947, 40 former SS officers and soldiers who had served in the camp were tried in Krakow. Several were sentenced to death and the others to long prison terms.