The reptilian appearance of the gods in the Old Testament was a well-kept secret but the Sumerians were more open and in their epics, which can be traced as far back as 3000 BC, called their gods U-SHUM-GAL, or “great fiery flying serpent.”
They have been called the “Nagas” (“snakes”) in India, the Quetzalcoatls (“Plumed Serpents”) in Mexico, the Djedhi (“snakes”) in Egypt, the Adders (“snakes”) in Britain and the Lung (“dragons”) in China.
The Toltec Mayan god Gugumatz was described as a “serpent of wisdom” – a feathered snake god, one of all three groups of gods who created Earth and humankind and gave them knowledge.
Ancient references to “serpent gods,” “flying serpents,” and “dragons” are quite common. Collectively they have been called – the “Serpents of Wisdom“.
These enigmatic figurines, dated to the so-called Ubaid period in Ur (6000 to 4000 BC) were unearthed by Sir Charles Leonard Woolley (17 April 1880 – 20 February 1960), a British archaeologist best known for his excavations in the 1920s and 1930s in Mesopotamia.
The figurines depict snake- or reptilian-headed humanoids that were found in several Ubaid cemeteries in the vicinity of Ur, southern Iraq.
Sir Woolley described the type as ‘half-human’ and ‘deliberately grotesque’. He said that the body was “by no means unpleasing” but that the head was “unduly large, absolutely reptilian in character” (Woolley 1955: 12).
Wooley’s opinion was that such figures represented creatures or deities of the underworld and that the appliqué pieces at the shoulders could have been meant to signify scales.
He points to the fact that the deity Ningizzida was associated with snakes, demons, vegetation, growth and decay and that the god himself could be represented in a human form covered in scales.
Tell (mound) of Ubaid has given its name to the prehistoric Ubaid culture considered to be the earliest settlement on the muddy plain of south Mesopotamia and this culture spread northward up the Tigris-Euphrates during the fifth millennium BC and lasted until the beginning of the Uruk Period.
“Each Ubaid figurine has its own unique pose. Most interesting is a figurine depicting a naked female feeding a child having long slanted eyes and the head of a reptile.
It suggests that the baby was seen as having been born with these features. In other words, the `lizard-like’ heads of the figurines are not masks, or symbolic animalistic forms, but abstract images of an actual race believed by the Ubaid people to have possessed such reptilian qualities,” (Andrew Collins, bestselling author).
Ubaid alien-looking beings are often linked to myths and legends about ancient spacemen who came to Earth to seed the planet and promised to return one day.
According to one theory the Annunaki (“those who from Heaven to Earth came”) are reptilians who created modern man and ancient astronaut theory says that extraterrestrial beings have visited Earth and that these beings have been responsible, in varying degrees, for the origin and development of human cultures, religions and technologies.
Ancient civilization or cultures had legends and myths related to serpent beings. In fact, the oldest worship is that of the serpent.
Among mythological references to these enigmatic beings of unknown origin, we have for example, the Hopi refer to a race of reptoids called the Sheti, or “Snake-Brothers”, who live underground. The Cherokee and other Native Americans also mention reptoid races in their myths.